close
info
Search in:
Use the search below to find a dentist anywhere in the world!
Filter by category:
Filter by country:
Filter by type of treatment:
Keywords:
  • We Recommend We Recommend
    dental clinics, dental offices, dental hygienist
    We Recommend
     
    GO to Dental Clinic
  • Dental Services Dental Services
    find dental services and more
    Dental Services
     
    GO to Dental Service
  • Medical News Medical News
    read about dentistry, dental implants, cosmetic dentistry
    Medical News Tooth whitening
    Tooth whitening: A conservative approach. A beautiful smile tends to be associated with health, self-confidence, and happiness, and because of this, it influences a persons...
     
    GO to Medical News
  • Medical Dictionary Medical Dictionary
    quick access to medical terms
    Medical Dictionary UGA
    A triplet consisting of uracil, guanine, adenine, in that order, that acts as a stop codon in messenger RNA (mRNA), signaling the termination of translation of an mRNA molecule and the release of...
     
    GO to Dictionary
  • Dental Products Dental Products
    medical equipment, dental supplies, dental equipment
    Dental Products
     
    GO to Dental Product
  • Case Studies Case Studies
    case study examples, medical case studies, dental case study
    Case Studies What is bruxism?
    Bruxism is the clenching or grinding of the teeth, which often occurs when a person is sleeping. When you bruxe, the force of your teeth is many times greater that during normal chewing. These...
     
    GO to Case Studies
  • Dental Forum Dental Forum
    dentist forums, dental fear forum, dental phobia forum and more
    Dental Forum Dental Surgery Procedures
    Topics of discussion about detal surgery  procedures.
     
    GO to Dental Forum
1/7
Join our newsletter!
 newsletter Join our newsletter! Subscribe arr
 
» Hand-foot-and-mouth disease - A common viral illness usually seen in infants[...]
» Jaundice, congenital hemolytic - Jaundice, congenital hemolytic, known also as[...]
 


» Fluoride Therapy - System
   Topics of discussion about Fluoride Therapy

» Nutrition and Teeth - Daceyson14
   I am proven health consultant and strong[...]

Periodontal disease

Reset Decrease Increase
Periodontal disease
Periodontal disease is the name for bacterial infections of the gums in the mouth.

Periodontitis, or Pyorrhea, is a disease involving inflammation of the gums, often persisting unnoticed for years or decades in a patient, that results in loss of bone around teeth.

Inflammation is the first response of the immune system to infection or irritation and may be referred to as the innate cascade.

Inflammation is characterised by the following quintet: redness (rubor), heat (calor), swelling (tumor), pain (dolor) and dysfunction of the organs involved (functio laesa).

The treatment of periodontal disease begins with the removal of sub-gingival calculus (tartar) and biofilm deposits. A dental hygienist procedure called scaling and root planing is the common first step in addressing periodontal problems, which seeks to remove calculus by mechanically scraping it from tooth surfaces.

Dental calculus, commonly known as tartar, consists almost entirely of calcium phosphate salt, the ionic derivative of calcium phosphate (the primary composition of teeth and bone). Dental calculus deposits harbor harmful bacteria. Clinically, calculus stuck to teeth appears to be hardened to the point requiring mechanical scraping for removal.

The bacteria responsible for most periodontal disease are anaerobic, and oxygenation reduces populations.
Thorough brushing with dilute hydrogen peroxide, with emphasis on the gum line, and flossing, help prevent the formation of harmful biofilm, gingivitis, and tartar.
Therapeutic mechanical delivery of hydrogen peroxide to subgingival pockets can be provided by a water pick. Wound "healing following gingival surgery was enhanced due to the antimicrobial effects of topically administered hydrogen peroxide".
For most subjects, beneficial effects were seen with hydrogen peroxide levels above 1% though concentrations between 1% and 3% have been suggested, and commercial preparations contain 1.5% hydrogen peroxide.

Enzymatic agents found in commercial preparations can loosen, dissolve, and prevent biofilm formation. Beneficial agents include lysozyme, lactoperozidase, glucose oxidase, mutanase, and dextranase.

Another method for treatment of periodontal disease involve the use of an orally administered antibiotic, Periostat (Doxycycline). Periostat has been clinically proven to decrease alveolar bone loss and improve the conditions of periodontal disease with minimal side-effects. However, Periostat does not kill the bacteria, as it only inhibits the body's host response to destroy the tissue.

Laser-assisted periodontal therapy has been shown to kill the bacteria that causes periodontal disease as well as grow bone in certain cases.


read more on sciencedaily.com




Source: www.sciencedaily.com

This article has been read by 1026 visitors.
Comments - Add your comment!
* - Required fields
Choose avatar: *    
Name *
Email * Will not be displayed
 
Comment *
2000 characters remaining
Security check
Enter the code below in the field next to it:
*This code help us prevent automated requests.

We welcome both positive and negative comments.
Do not include:
- Email addresses, phone numbers or other personal information that belong to you or to other people;
- Personal Ads;
- References to other comments or users who have posted comments;
- Obscene or offensive words.
Choose avatar: