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Periodontal disease

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Periodontal disease is an infection of the teeth, gums and the bone that bone that surrounds your teeth. Periodontal disease is the leading cause of adults tooth lost.
Stopping this condition begins with a thorough diagnostic.

The main cause for periodontal disease is the accumulation of plaque, the sticky film of food and bacteria that forms constantly on your teeth.
The bacteria and plaque invade the spaces between teeth and gum and begin producing toxins.
This toxins combine to your body’s reaction to them destroys the bone around your teeth.
Once bone has been lost, it never grows back on its own. When too much bone is lost, there is so little support for your teeth that they get loose and have to be removed.

If you have periodontal disease, you may have some of these symptoms:

- persistent bad breath
- bleeding of the gums when brushing or flossing
- soft, swollen or tender gums
- gums pulling away from the teeth
- loose teeth
The periodontal disease usually starts at the gums that are located between the teeth.

The dentist will do a thorough examination that includes:
- periodontal probe
- x- ray
Periodontal probing measures the depth of the pockets in your gums. A probe reading of more than 3 mm is a sign of periodontal disease. As a general rule: the deeper the pockets, the greater the spread of periodontal disease.






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